Albert Einstein, an extraordinary scientist and Nobel Laureate, started speaking at a rather late age – when he was about four years, according to some sources. This fact and a few other personal characteristics have led researchers to speculate and verify that he was learning disabled – many of them believe that he had dyslexia. Dyslexia according to experts is a specific form of brain related learning challenge that affects the individual’s ability to read. The degree of disorder and its impact differs from individual to individual. Typically common to all who do have dyslexia, read at a much lower level than what they should be able to; i.e. as per the standard at respective chronological ages. Dyslexia has not been found to interfere with a person’s intelligence quotient so far, according to research. It is essentially the inability of the person to process phonology or sounds and thereby, inability to manipulate the corresponding visual stimuli to produce the correct visual and verbal responses. Causes of dyslexia have found to be rooted more in the genes or brain damage, than from environmental influences. There is no cure for this condition. In recent times, through intensive research and growing awareness, a number of techniques have been developed to help individuals manage their condition and lead normal lives. These techniques are mostly related to learning and reading strategies, developing organizational skills to enable dyslexics to be productive individuals in their respective areas of strengths and potential.
Whether or not Einstein was dyslexic, is much disputed. Accounts from his memoirs point out that he did not have the condition. Mainly three or four events in his life are issues that proponents and researchers of learning difficulties debate about. His late start of speech at age four; his late start of reading at age nine; his failure at college admissions and his limited tenure at three different work places. Family members, including Albert Einstein’s mother has mentioned that he was opposed to the idea of studying something that was neither his choice nor his passion and hence he did not prepare himself for selection at the college entrance test. He was also known to be a quiet as a young boy and would rarely interact with others, spending more time in exploring his environment. The result of which became amply evident in the huge body of scientific work that he produced through his lifetime. Albert Einstein’s contribution to the world of science, especially in the field of Physics is phenomenal. His achievements surpass many. It would be more appropriate to say that his pioneering theories and investigations have opened up new vistas and frontiers for later thinkers and researchers.
Albert Einstein created such intrigue in the scientific community that his brain was removed and preserved after his passing away. In 1999, it was revealed that though the parietal operculum was missing, his inferior parietal lobe was much larger than a normal brain. Researchers also found more glial cells, 73% more than what is found in the normal brain. Both these findings indicate superior ability in mathematical operations, as the inferior parietal area is integrated in the same.