Here are black widow spider bite pictures, symptoms, images, treatment, and black widow spider facts
This particular spider bite is made by the female black widow spider when provoked. A bite from a black widow spider causes slight pain, swelling and redness on the bitten area. However, some may exhibit more severe symptoms due to allergic reactions. Just like with any spider bites from other venomous spiders, the victim should be brought to the doctor immediately for prompt treatment.
The treatment for a black widow spider bite is designed individually based on the specific symptoms experienced by the patient. This may mean a hospital stay for one night for some, or quick doctor’s visit for others. Treatment should start right away after the victim had been bitten in order to slow down the spread of the spider’s venom and prevent secondary infection.
Black Widow Spider Facts
The Black Widow spider is one of the venomous species of spiders found in the temperate regions of the world. It has a distinctive reddish hour-glass pattern on its abdomen in glossy black and sometimes brown color. These spiders dwell in dark areas around the house or buildings like wooden piles, garages, basements, shades and cellars. Black widow spiders can be found in six different varieties which are all poisonous – even more poisonous than a rattle snake.
It should be noted that only the female is actually responsible for a black widow spider bite. The female black widow spider is bigger than its male counterpart reaching approximately 1.5 inches long. Furthermore, it doesn’t have the yellowish-red band during its adolescent stage. Contrary to popular belief, these spiders are not aggressive but they bite to defend themselves or when they feel threatened. They are active during the night. The Black Widow spider got its name from the habit of the female spider which consumes the male spider after mating.
What does a black widow spider bite look like ?
Bites made by black widow spiders have distinguishing features specific to them. First, a black widow spider bite leaves double fang markings in small red spots. The victim will feel a slight to sharp shooting pain on the bite site, followed by redness and swelling. He or she will eventually experience muscle cramps from the affected area radiating to the entire body.
The venom of the black widow spider contains a kind of protein that affects the normal functioning of the nervous system. People who have hypersensitivity issues to spider poison may experience life-threatening response. Young children and elderly ones will likely have severe symptoms as well. Victims will feel a pinprick sensation when a black spider bites. After which, they will complain about a number of symptoms like:
- Localized pain on the bitten area
- Headache, fever, nausea and vomiting
- Itchiness and dizziness
- Localized/generalized abdominal pain
- Chest pain, sweating and swelling of the eyelids
- Restlessness and breathing difficulties
- Extremely high blood pressure
It is extremely important to bring the victim to the hospital after giving first aid treatment. The abovementioned symptoms are signs of an allergic reaction which could occur in less than 1 hour. Death rarely occurs but could possibly happen if a black widow spider bite is ignored.
What to do when bitten by a black widow spider ?
A Black Widow spider bite calls for immediate action because the venom could quickly get into the bloodstream and cause serious symptoms. The following are steps on giving the victim first aid treatment:
- Wash the affected area immediately with water and soap
- Cold compress the bite site with an ice wrapped in cloth
- Position the wound at high level to reduce swelling
- Antibiotic cream or lotion can be applied to the affected area to prevent infection
- Place the spider safely in a plastic bag even if it had been crushed to allow spider experts to examine it and help doctors plan the appropriate treatment.
It is important to keep the patient calm so as to prevent the poison from spreading further. The victim should still be taken to the doctor even if the symptoms are subtle. Concerned parties shouldn’t wait until the symptoms become severe. Treatment is designed individually based on the symptoms suffered by victim. Usually, medications such as anti-hypertension, pain relievers and anti-spasms are administered to manage the symptoms. In case the victim experiences breathing difficulties, anti-spider venom should be given to counteract the poison.
Avoiding getting bitten by a Black Widow spider
Black widow spider bite can be prevented. Keeping these things in mind will reduce the likelihood of getting bitten by this poisonous species of spider.
- Stay away from places where black widow spiders inhabit.
- Be in protective clothing or attire when going into their dwelling places.
- Shake clothing and turn unused shoes upside down before wearing them.
- Make use of spider traps and place them in their entryways.
Black Widow Spider Bite Pictures
Black Widow Spider Pictures