Given here are flea bites on humans pictures, how do they occur and information on how to treat flea bites.
Flea bites on humans cause red and small bumps on the legs and ankles or any part of body. They are extremely itchy and irritating, prompting intense scratching on the bitten site. Those who develop hypersensitivity to the bite will notice large and painful welts forming on the bitten area. Forceful scratching could cause the site to form a wound, allowing bacteria to thrive and cause infection or develop an allergy problem.
Treatment for flea bites on humans helps in relieving extreme itchiness as well as prevents other potential problems. Treatment is pretty simple with the use of medicated creams, oral pills and proper skin care. Affected individuals should visit the doctor if home care treatment proves ineffective. Getting rid of fleas by using flea control sprays or powder, or hiring the services of a pest control provider is also imperative to prevent any more flea bites.
How do flea bites occur?
Flea bites occur when these wingless parasites feed on the blood of their host. They prey on both humans and animals. There are several different types of fleas and flea bites in humans could be caused by cat fleas (Ctenocephalides felis), dog fleas (Ctenocephalides canis) or human fleas (Pulex irritans). They bite humans through their jaws and inject saliva before sucking blood for nourishment. The saliva of the flea contains enzymes which cause allergic reactions among hypersensitive people. It also contains anticoagulants for hassle-free bloodsucking by preventing blood clot formation. Most of all, the saliva has anesthetic properties which allows the flea to suck as much blood as it can without being noticed. By the time the host feels the itchiness, an indication that the anesthetic effect of the saliva had worn off, the flea had already gone.
Flea bites in humans occur more frequently in people who own pets like cats and dogs. This wingless parasite also thrives in other animals like pigs affecting pig raisers and those living near pigsties. Of course, everyone is at risk of flea bites.
How do flea bites on humans look like?
Flea bites appear as small bumps on the skin surrounded by a red and itchy halo. A tiny puncture point on the center of the site can also be noticed. Fleas often bite on the ankles and lower legs, and even around the waistline and mid-section area. People who are allergic to flea bites may develop painful welts that are warm to the touch. The swelling and redness of skin may last anywhere between a few minutes to hours and is very itchy and painful.
How to treat flea bites ?
Flea bites on humans do not cause severe allergic reactions unlike bites and stings from other insects like wasps, bees, fire ants and hornets. But they still require treatment because fleas may carry microorganisms may cause diseases like typhus, stomach flu, bubonic plague and tapeworm. Also, if left untreated, frequent and intense scratching may cause the site to bleed and expose the upper skin layer, making it vulnerable to infections.
What to do when bitten by a flea ?
Home remedies for flea bites abound. The following should be done when bitten by a flea:
- Wash the affected area with soap and water.
- Flea bites shouldn’t be scratched to avoid irritating the skin further and introducing bacteria which could cause secondary infection.
- Apply cold compress to relieve itchiness and swelling.
- Apply topical medications like calamine lotion and hydrocortisone cream to sooth the itchiness.
- Antihistamines also help relieve itchiness and swelling as well as reduce allergic reactions.
- Hot showers should be avoided as these worsen itchiness.
- Baking soda mixture can provide some relief.
Bitten individuals should visit the doctor if severe itchiness is accompanied by feverish feeling and shortness of breath. Medical consultation is also needed if the condition doesn’t improve even after home care treatment and discharge or pus comes out from the bitten area.
What can be done to prevent flea bites on humans?
The most effective way to prevent flea bites on humans is to get to the root cause of the infestation. It may take some time to eliminate flea infestation altogether and may require the help of the experts. The following are ways to get rid of fleas:
- Treat fleas in pets
There are lots of flea control products to treat as well as protect pets from flea infestations. There are flea repellent sprays or powder, or medications to eliminate fleas in pets. Frequent grooming also helps in preventing flea infestation. It would be best for pet owners to bring their pets to the veterinarian for effective and appropriate flea treatment.
- Clean the house
Fleas also thrive on carpets and beddings, so frequent cleaning and vacuuming helps in removing them.
- Seek a professional flea control specialist
The services of a professional flea control specialist may be necessitated to get rid of the huge population of fleas at home.
Flea bites on humans should be treated not only to avoid further infection but also prevent the spread of diseases.
Flea bites on humans pictures