Within three weeks from infection, HIV virus causes rashes of dark and pigmented form and eczema type clusters of pimples, blisters, lesions, sores as well as peeling of skin with rare itching.
Usually HIV rashes are followed by fever, fatigue, pain, cramps, diarrhea, swollen glands, stiff, painful joints, blurred vision and loss of memory, appetite and weight. Rashes are caused either by HIV infection or by its medications. HIV rash is not contagious and disappear after three weeks.
Types of HIV rashes
- Drug rashes that develop due to HIV medications.
- Acute infection rash that occurs due to HIV infection.
- Herpes rashes that affect the genitals and oral cavity.
- Symptomatic HIV rashes that occur during the last stages of AIDS.
Virus, fungi, and bacterial infections can also cause this type of rashes; some of which may be contagious.
Viral rashes are:
- HPV warts that occur all over the body
- Mollucsum contagiosum that occur on moist parts of body
Bacterial rashes are:
- Food and drug allergies that cause hives on body
- Bacterial follictus that grow in hair follicles
- Eosinophilic follictus that are itchy and present over upper body
- Scabies which are itchy especially during night
- Psoriasis which are scaly patches
Fungal rashes are:
- Contagious Tinea, which can result in jock itch, athlete foot and other infections like ringworm
Locations of HIV rash
- In body trunk
- Prominent in chest and may affect neck, face, feet and arms.
- As HIV infection progresses, rashes appear all over the body causing sores, lesions, blisters in genitals and oral cavity.
HIV rash treatment
If the rashes are due to HIV medications, then it should be stopped as per the advice of doctor. It should not be restarted without consulting the doctor.
Preventive measures for HIV rash:
- Avoid direct sunlight and extreme heat or cold climate
- Use Benadryl and hydrocortisone cream to control itching
- Avoid unprotected sex and blood to blood contact
- Take cool showers and apply cool ointments daily. Avoid hot baths.
- Do not wear such fabrics that may induce itching.
- Avoid foods that may have triggered the HIV rash.
HIV rash pictures
Here are the images, pictures of HIV rash on the skin.