What is Necrotizing fasciitis ?
It is a very rare, and potentially deadly, form of bacterial skin infection. This type of infection is rapidly progressive with high mortality rate. It may also affect the soft tissues underneath the skin, causing severe pain. People inflicted with this kind of bacterial infection will notice some large patches of dead skin.
Necrotizing fasciitis is popularly referred to as the flesh-eating disease which requires immediate medical attention. The treatment often involves the complete removal of the infected tissues through surgical means. The patient will have to undergo antibiotic treatment, and in severe cases, amputation might be required.
What causes Necrotizing fasciitis?
Necrotizing fasciitis occurs as a result of bacterial infection, and there are various types of bacteria that could make this happen, including:
The streptococcal bacteria make their way into the body through surgical wounds or minor trauma to the skin. They are the cause of many cases of necrotizing fasciitis.
- Staphylococcus Aureus
This is another species of bacteria which are often acquired in medical facilities.
- Clostridium Perfringens
This bacterium resides in the intestines which can also make its way through open wounds.
Those with necrotizing fasciitis may not know about it since the early symptoms are quite subtle, or there are no signs at all. Over time, the afflicted person may feel severe pain around the infection and flu-like symptoms will start to appear. The patient may also feel intense thirst and suffer from dehydration. Later on, swelling and rashes become apparent and will aggravate into blisters. The sufferer may also notice that the infection has become flaky and blotchy signifying tissue death. If treatment is delayed, toxic shock will occur as a result of the abrupt drop in the blood pressure, rendering the patient unconscious.
Necrotizing fasciitis treatment, prevention
This potentially life-threatening skin infection is treatable by the surgical removal of the infected tissues. If the infection has gone deeper, amputation is necessary to save the life of the patient. Medications will also be given to strengthen the patient’s immune system.
The finest way to prevent Necrotizing fasciitis from happening is to practice good hygiene by regular hand washing and disinfecting scrapes and cuts. It is also important to be cautious when visiting medical facilities like hospitals as bacteria can also be acquired there.
Necrotizing fasciitis pictures