What is Pink Sock disease ?
Pink sock disease is the condition that occurs as a result of the weakening of the ligaments in the rectum. The disease is marked by a protrusion in the anus which is why it is called prolapsed rectum. For the rectum to be in place, the ligament works to ensure that this is achieved. A weakened ligament results to rectal prolapse, and there are a number of things responsible for this.
The condition is quite common among older people, usually those who are 60 years old and above. Studies also showed that pink sock disease is more common in females than males, especially among psychiatric patients. Children can also be affected by the disease but this rarely occurs. Pink sock disease in children affects those who are under 4 years old.
Causes of pink sock disease
The disease is a result of the weakening of ligaments which makes the rectum slip through the anus making it visible externally. The culprit of the condition involves anything that affects the ligaments or tissues in the rectal area. Taking too much laxatives, severe diarrhea, surgical trauma, chronic constipation and advanced age are the possible factors that can cause the supporting ligaments in the rectum to become weak.
People suffering from this condition may associate the symptoms to that of hemorrhoids, but the origin of the symptoms are higher. The illness is manifested by:
- Bloody discharge from the overhanging tissue
- Painful bowel movements
- Uncontrollable bowel movements
- Loss of the urge to defecate
- Sensation / awareness of the overhanging tissue
The failure to address the condition may result to edema, venous stasis and ulceration. Frequent and recurrent pick sock disease could likewise result to proctitis.
Pink sock disease diagnosis
Pink sock disease calls for medical intervention, especially when infants and children are involved. The condition is diagnosed by direct rectal examination. This procedure enables the doctor to determine the extent of the weakened ligament. X-ray, sigmoidoscopy and barium enema may also be conducted for a more definitive diagnosis.
The patient may need to undergo surgery if the pink sock disease is very severe; while mild cases can be treated by following a high-fiber diet.
Pick sock disease picture