A rash occurs due to a reaction of the skin and is caused by different things including drug reactions, infections, and allergy. Moreover, rashes that develop in children are harmless and resolve on their own. However, there are rashes, which are potentially dangerous. Most rashes caused by viral infections may not harm a child and will most likely go away over time without the need for treatment. It is important that parents be familiar with these rashes.
It may be difficult to know the exact diagnosis of a rash because many of them look the same. To examine a few of these rashes, bacterial rashes are caused by infections of bacteria. Any kind of rash in a child should be taken serious and perhaps a visit to a doctor is needed in order to diagnose the cause of the skin rash.
Impetigo is a common rash in children and it is caused by a superficial infection of the skin from staphylococcal or streptococcal bacteria. Although this rash is mostly found in areas around the mouth and nose, it may also affect any part of the body. It mainly manifests in the warmer months and can occur as a secondary infection in a child’s skin, which has been damaged after an insect bite, abrasion, eczema condition or poison ivy.
Impetigo begins with small blisters that are superficial. The blisters rapture and leave red open patches on the skin which later form a honey-colored crust over the rash. This rash is highly contagious and a child may spread the infection to other body parts through scratching. Similarly, the rash may be spread to other persons through skin contact.
A child with this rash experiences itching. This condition is rarely serious and can be treated and cured. Treatment is done with use of topical or oral antibiotics. Other bacterial rashes are such as scarlet fever, which is simply strep throat.
Viral rashes include chickenpox or varicella-zoster and measles. Chickenpox is very contagious but it is not harmful to most children. Symptoms of this condition may last for only two weeks but can make the child to be uncomfortable. Although this condition is rarely threatening to most children, in people with weak immune system such as newly born babies, it may be a serious condition.
The earliest symptoms of chickenpox are sore throat, feeling tired, and fever and these signs are followed by intensely itchy rash that begins on the head and torso and spreads to arms and legs lasting for about 7 to 10 days. The rash forms blisters that rapture and form crusty scab. Children with this condition develop new outbreaks of lesions as the older lesions resolve and heal.
There is no cure for chickenpox when it has already begun however; there is vaccination that can prevent the disease from developing. The virus spreads through oral and nasal secretions but the rash is also contagious and may be spread on contact with a child suffering the condition. A child with chickenpox should never be given aspirin because a deadly disease known as Reye syndrome is associated with taking aspirin when a child suffers from chickenpox. If a child contracts chickenpox, treatment may be prescribed to help reduce itching.
Measles, which is another viral rash, is caused by paramyxovirus. Although there is a safe and effective vaccine to preventing measles, those who are not fully vaccinated may suffer outbreaks of the condition. This is also a highly contagious virus rash and initial symptoms appear about 10 to 12 days after the exposure to the virus. The first signs include a nasal congestion accompanied by a cough and redness of the eyes without discharge.
On the first days, there is moderate fever but on the third or fourth day, a high fever develops and brown rash occurs on the face, behind the ears, and the hairline. The rash spreads to other parts of the body like the thighs and feet and fades away in the same pattern after about a week. Once the disease has begun, there is no medication to treat it. Although children who suffer the condition appear ill and miserable, the condition gets better and resolves without causing lasting ill effects.
To prevent your children from getting measles, you need to make sure that they receive the recommended vaccines. A rash may also be caused by irritants such as a diaper rash from urine, stool, and baby wipes. Children can develop rashes from use of detergents and softeners. When a child is allergic to certain types of medication, a skin rash may occur as a symptom after taking medications such as antibiotics, which are known to be common drugs that cause a rash. Moreover, food dyes, metals, and insect bites are also known to cause rashes in children and adults. Stress and extreme worry can trigger rashes or hives.
Rashes in Children – Pictures