Roseola rash refers to a minor disease which results from infection by certain strains of the herpes virus. The initial stages of the condition is characterized by fever which continues for many days, ultimately leading to the development of the distinct rash.
Children over the age two years are typically affected by roseola rash. The condition is rarely seen in adults. Minor types of roseola rash are not accompanied by distinct signs and symptoms. In rare cases, the condition may lead to medical complications due to high fever. Roseola rash fever can be treated with varied medications. Best rest and consumption of fluids is also advised.
Symptoms of roseola rash
Roseola rash is not a major infection. Hence, the signs and symptoms of the condition usually appear a week or two after the initial infection. Even then, the symptoms may be hardly noticeable. A few symptoms of roseola rash are given below:
- Roseola rash typically starts with an unexpected case of high fever characterized by temperatures which reach 103 degree F. It may also be accompanied by coughing, swollen neck lymph nodes, and sore throat. The fever usually lasts for up to five days.
- The distinct roseola rashes make an appearance after the decrease in fever. They appear as small pink patches which are usually flat. Sometimes, the rashes may be raised and comprise of white rings that circle few spots.
- Roseola rash generally tends to affect the chest, abdomen, and back during the initial stages and later spreads to the arms and neck. It may even migrate to the legs and face. The rashes are neither itchy nor discomforting. However, they can persist for several days before fading off.
Other rare symptoms of roseola rash include:
- Inflamed or swollen eyelids
- Loss of appetite
- Mild diarrhea
- Elevated irritability, particularly in infants and young children
Seizures which affect children: Children affected by roseola rash may experience seizure due to sudden raise in the body temperature. In such circumstances the affect child may twitch the hands, legs, and the head for many seconds lasting up to a few minutes. He/she may also become unconscious.There may be temporary loss of control over bowel and bladder movements. Seizures usually do not result in any serious health complications in robust children. However, all cases of seizures have to be checked by a doctor so that medical care is provided where needed.
Roseola rash and individuals with weakened immune systems:Peoplewho have recently undergone organ or bone marrow transplants are more likely to have a compromised immune system. Such individuals are at greater susceptibility to developing cases of roseola rash, or experience a recurrence of the condition. Individuals with weakened immune system who develop roseola rash are also at greater risk to developing serious complications such as pneumonia, encephalitis, etc.
Causes of roseola rash
Roseola rash is caused due to infection by some types of the herpes virus, i.e. the human herpes virus 6 or the human herpes virus 7.
Roseola rash does not migrate rapidly like most viral epidemic diseases. There is no major outbreak of the condition. However, it is an all-season condition.
Roseola rash is a contagious disease. It can transfer from an infected individual to another through saliva and other respiratory emissions. It is thus possible to contact roseola rash by sharing a cup of coffee with an infected individual. It may also be noted that certain individuals may not elicit any symptoms of the disease, but are active carriers, and thus capable of spreading roseola rash to others.
Even though roseola rash generally affects children over the age of two years, newborns and babies falling in the age group of 6 to 15 minutes are especially vulnerable to the condition. This is because babies get all the antibodies from the mother when inside the womb. However after birth, their incompletely developed immune system cannot fight infections such as roseola rash, effectually posing greater risk to the disease.
Treatment of roseola rash
Roseola rash in children usually tends to disappear after about a week. Health care provides may however recommend certain medications such as ibuprofen to manage the fever. Aspirin should not be given to children as its consumption is known to cause Reye’s syndrome in children.
There is no single way to treat roseola rash. Each case is treated as per the individual diagnosis.
Anti-viral drugs such as ganciclovir may be given to patients with weakened immune systems
A few home remedies for minor forms of roseola rash include plenty of fluid intake, lots of bed rest, sponge baths, etc.
Patients of roseola rash are generally kept in isolation to prevent the spread of the disease. One should also refrain from any form of contact with affected individuals so as to avoid contracting the condition. High standards of personal hygiene can also help in preventing the spread of roseola rash.
Roseola Rash Pictures